My topic seems extended and known. Today, I will be talking about categories of food. That is why my topic says ‘Food for Knowledge’ because you should have idea on what you are eating.
Previous day I was teaching my kid one of his chapters in Science and it was about food. As we grow up we forget the categories and kinds of food and its uses so I thought to brush up your mind and remind you the lessons you learnt in Class 3 or 4.
- Carbohydrate & fats are Energy-giving food : There are two kinds of carbohydrates (simple carbohydrate and complex carbohydrate), which is also known as sugar and starch. Foods that contain sugar are fruits, milk, chocolates, cold drinks. Example of starch are bread, pasta, rice, potatoes, noodles, etc. One gram of carbohydrate yields about 17 kilo-joule of energy, whereas one gram of fat produces 37 kilo-joule of energy. This is the reason why carbohydrates and fats ate called ‘energy food’.
- Proteins are body-building food : They are called body- building food because they help in the growth and repair of our body. We are literally made of protein from our bones to our muscles, arteries and veins, skin, hair, and fingernails. Our heart, brain, liver, kidneys, and lungs are built of tissue made of proteins. When fat and carbohydrates are insufficient, proteins produce the energy we need for life. Examples of protein includes egg, lean meat, lentils, fish.
- Minerals & Vitamins are healthy food : A combination of calcium, vitamin D, vitamin K, magnesium, and phosphorusprotects your bones against fractures. Prevents birth defects. Taking folic acid supplements early in pregnancy helps prevent brain and spinal birth defects in offspring. Trace elements are found in small amounts in a variety of foods such as meat, fish, cereals, milk and dairy foods, vegetables and nuts.
- Foods rich in fibre : Fiber is any non-digestible, plant-derived carbohydrate that comes in two forms- soluble and insoluble. Soluble fibers mix with water from the food you eat and result in the formation of a gel in the stomach which helps prevent unwanted food components to get absorbed by the body. Insoluble fibers are known as roughage and their main function is to make the stool bulky which makes it easier to excrete. Examples include, wheat, lentils, oats, broccoli, fruits like apples and pears.
Now, keeping in mind the types of food it is also important that we maintain a balanced diet. Balanced diet is a diet consisting of a variety of different types of food and providing adequate amounts of the nutrients necessary for good health. Make sure to eat food in right quantity.
Eat healthy, Live healthy!
Written By : Alka Prasad